Operant Learning Shows Bacteria can Imagine! – True or False

Is imagination necessary for operant learning? And if so are bacteria imagining! This question came from an interesting discussion I was recently having on selfawarepattern’s blog post regarding Consciousness and Panpsychism. The author says: “..Imagination is the fourth layer.  It includes simulations of various sensory and action scenarios, including past or future ones.  Imagination seems necessary for operant learning.. “ After several replies, I thought it would be a good idea to present

8 Criticisms of Christof Koch’s Consciousness + Panpsychism

I’m watching a TEDx talk by Christof Koch ‘The Scientific Pursuit of Consciousness’. Christof Koch is a prominent Neuroscientist and says that since he was a child he had always thought that dogs have consciousness as they seem to display emotions such as hunger, anger, and anxiousness. Appalled by the Christian view that only humans have souls and go to the afterlife, he always thought there must be some place for

Panexperientialism Vs Panpsychism Vs Animism – Outlined in a Table

I have been doing some reading and research around these ideas and it seems that Panexperientialism is often confused with related ideas of Panpsychism and Animism that have been around for a long time. For the sake clarity I have attempted to summarize the differences in the table below (further explanations, especially with regards to Panexperientialism, can be found below it): Panpsychism Panpsychism is the view that everything in the universe